Learn about 9 fermented foods you can add to your diet to improve your digestion and immunity.
Research has shown us time and time again that fermented foods are great for the gut microbiome. Making a conscious effort to include just a few servings in your diet each week can have a huge impact on gut health, weight management, blood sugar levels, and more.
Ready to learn more? Keep reading for a complete fermented foods list, plus some simple yet delicious ways to add them to your diet.
What Are Fermented Foods?
Fermentation is a process in which microorganisms like bacteria and yeast break down molecules such as sugar. This process triggers a number of different chemical changes!
Most notably, however, it extends the shelf-life of the final product and increases the number of beneficial bacteria in your food.
Probiotics And Their Benefits
“Bacteria” and “food” aren’t two words you would ever really expect, or want, to hear in the same sentence. Yet surprisingly enough, this type of bacteria is actually pretty important for your overall health. Also known as probiotics, these healthy strains of bacteria live in your digestive tract and promote optimal digestive health, immune function, and beyond (1).
More specifically, the probiotics in fermented foods have been shown to provide antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and anti-atherosclerotic (aka prevents cholesterol build-up within artery walls) benefits (2). When consumed regularly, the likelihood of reaping said benefits is sure to increase!
Taking a probiotic is one easy way to increase your intake of gut-healthy bacteria. However, you don’t need to spend lots of money on pricey products to get more probiotics in your diet. In fact, incorporating a few of the top-fermented foods into your weekly meal plan can be just as effective. Plus, it may even offer other health benefits as well!
Top 9 Fermented Foods
Not only are these probiotic-packed superfoods brimming with beneficial bacteria, but they’re also versatile and full of flavor.
From pickled veggies to cultured dairy products, there are tons of different ways to get more fermented foods into your diet. Here are a few of the top-fermented foods that you may want to consider adding to your next grocery list.
Kombucha is a fermented beverage made from either black or green tea. It’s typically fizzy and sharp, with a flavor that can range from sour to sweet. It all depends on the way that it’s produced and the ingredients that are added to it.
Although research is limited on humans, animal and test-tube models show that kombucha could help decrease blood sugar, reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and block the spread of cancer cells in vitro (3, 4).
Not only that, but kombucha is also incredibly versatile. It makes a great alternative to soda and can even be brewed at home using tea, sugar, and a SCOBY. SCOBY stands for a “symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast”.
Sauerkraut is tasty fermented food with a long history of health benefits. Although it originated in ancient China over 2,000 years ago, sauerkraut has since become a popular side dish popping up all over the globe.
Fermented sauerkraut is traditionally made from raw cabbage and lactic acid bacteria. You can also add ingredients like caraway seeds, juniper berries, ginger, beets, dill, or fennel to add additional flavor. In addition to supplying the same health benefits as other fermented foods, sauerkraut also provides a hearty dose of vitamin C, vitamin K, iron, and manganese (5).
You can make sauerkraut right from the comfort of your own kitchen. To make homemade sauerkraut, simply combine grated cabbage with salt, and your choice of other veggies like beets, carrots, and ginger. Pack into a sterilized jar and set at room temperature for 2-3 weeks to allow fermentation to occur.
Kefir is a fermented milk with an abundance of health benefits. To make kefir, you combine kefir grains with milk. It’s a creamy, flavorful beverage.
Kefir is a great source of several important nutrients, including protein, phosphorus, calcium, and vitamin B12. All of which play a central role in overall health (6)! Additionally, kefir is low in lactose, which means that consuming a kefir drink is likely to be tolerated easier than regular milk for those with lactose intolerance (7). Animal studies have shown that kefir may also reduce inflammation and possess anti-allergic properties. This indicates that it could be useful in the treatment of conditions like asthma (8).
Aside from kefir milk, there are plenty of other options for enjoying this delicious, gut-friendly drink. Goat milk kefir, kefir cheese, and kefir yogurt, for example, are widely available as alternatives to traditional dairy products. Meanwhile, coconut milk kefir or water kefir are two popular alternatives for those following a dairy-free or plant-based diet.
Tempeh is a popular fermented soy product that’s a great staple in vegetarian and vegan diets alike. You create it by fermenting soybeans and pressing them into a dense, compact cake. It’s high in protein, probiotics, and important micronutrients like iron, calcium, and riboflavin (9).
Tempeh is high in disease-fighting antioxidants and loaded with soy isoflavones. These powerful compounds have been shown to decrease cholesterol levels, fight oxidative stress, and boost bone health (10, 11, 12).
Tempeh is also incredibly versatile and makes a great addition to wraps, sandwiches, stir-fries, salads, and more.
Although it hasn’t reached peak popularity in the western world, natto beans rank as one of the top fermented foods in Asian countries like Japan. Like tempeh, natto is made from fermented soybeans and is a great source of several key nutrients, including protein, manganese, iron, and copper (13).
As one of the most common fermented vegetables, pickles are available on supermarket shelves across the country. Soaking cucumbers in salty water allows them to ferment into pickles. This boosts their content of gut-friendly probiotics!
Keep in mind that the kosher dill pickles soaked in vinegar at most grocery stores don’t carry the same probiotic benefits as the fermented pickles soaked in brine. Try making your own at home or look for pickles without vinegar at your local health food store to maximize the potential health benefits.
Serving as a staple in Korean cuisine, vegan kimchi is favored for its delicious flavor and versatility. It’s made by seasoning veggies with herbs and spices, then salting and fermenting them. Garlic, ginger, and scallions are commonly used. There are also several different types available, including cucumber, carrot, cabbage, or radish kimchi.
Kimchi has some amazing health benefits. For example, one study conducted by the Pusan National University in Korea found that eating kimchi for seven days led to significant reductions in cholesterol levels and blood sugar (16). Other research suggests that it could also aid in weight control and help promote insulin sensitivity (17).
Miso is a fermented soybean paste. You’ll often find it in popular dishes like miso soup! You can also use fermented black beans, chickpeas, or lentils to make the paste. It’s sometimes mixed with rice, barley, or seaweed.
Miso boasts an impressive nutrient profile, it’s brimming with vitamins and minerals like manganese, vitamin K, copper, and zinc (18). Keep in mind that it’s also high in sodium, so keep consumption in moderation and pair it with plenty of other fermented foods for the best results.
9. Probiotic Yogurt
Good news for yogurt lovers! You can easily boost your intake of probiotics by simply switching up your shopping list. Next time you’re at the grocery store, look for probiotic cultured yogurt. The fermented milk typically contains lactic acid bacteria, which ramps up the concentration of probiotics.
If you have high blood pressure, probiotic yogurt may be especially beneficial. According to one review in The British Journal of Nutrition, consuming fermented milk in foods like probiotic yogurt may be effective at reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, especially in those with high blood pressure already (19).
How to Include More Fermented Foods In Your Diet
Need a few ideas for how to add more fermented foods to your daily routine? Here are some simple strategies that make it easier than ever to enjoy these nutritious and delicious ingredients:
- Swap regular yogurt for probiotic yogurt as a nutrient-rich snack or breakfast option
- Trade sweetened tea, soda, or juice for a serving of kombucha instead
- Implement a “meatless Monday” by switching animal-based proteins in your meal plan for organic tempeh or natto
- Top off your burgers, wraps, tacos, or rice bowls with kimchi, pickles, or sauerkraut instead
- Enjoy miso soup as a simple side dish to squeeze in an extra serving of probiotics during your day
Adding more fermented foods to your diet is a great way to boost your gut health. In addition to their probiotic content, these healthy ingredients also supply a steady stream of the vitamins, minerals, and nutrients that your body needs.
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